The Roles of the Civil Society and International Humanitarian Organisations in Managing Refugees Crisis in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) Region
The Civil SocietyOrganization (CSO) can be categorized into domestic and international. This paperwill historically and critically analyze efforts and works of the both of them in managing the catastrophic Refugees crisis in this region;as well as the dynamics of the regionâ€™s Refugees crisis. This paper would be segmented into: a). A thorough examination of the nature of the conflicts in this region since the Arab Spring as well as the ongoing challenges in leadership, governance; and economic hardships. b).This would be about an analysis of the general roles of the CSOs andInternational Humanitarian Organizations in managing MENAâ€™s Refugees crisis.
Abi-habib, M. (2015). The Wall Street Journal: Humanitarian Crisis Deepens in Embattled Yemen City, archived at: http://www.wsj.com/articles/ humanitarian-crisis-deepens-in-embattled-yemen-city-1428340706.
Ahram Online (2011). Syria clampdown on protests mirrors Egypt's as thugs join attacks. archived at: http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/2/0/10315/ World/0/Syria-clampdown-on-protests-mirrors-Egypts-as-thug.aspx.
Al Arabiya News - Sirte (2011). Snipers halt NTCâ€™s advance in Sirte; rebels deny capture of Qaddafiâ€™s spokesman. 1 October 2011, archived at: http://english.alarabiya.net /articles/2011/10/01/169544.html.
Anadolu Agency (2015). Turkey provides education for 300,000 Syrian refugees, archived at http://aa.com.tr/en/education/turkey-provides-education-for-300-000-syrian-refugees/495453.
Anderson, J. L. (2015). Letter from Libya.TheUnravelling". The New Yorker,archived at: http://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2015/02/23/unravelling.
BBC News (2011). Tunisia suicide protester Mohammed Bouazizidies, archived at: http://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-12120228.
CBS News (2011a). Bahrain troops lay siege to protesters' camp, archived at: http://www.cbsnews.com/news/bahrain-troops-lay-siege-to-protesters-camp/.
CBS News (2011b). Qaddafi dead after Sirte battle, PM confirms, archived at: https://www.cbsnews.com/news/qaddafi-dead-after-sirte-battle-pm-confirms.
CBS News (2012). Syria crackdown has killed 5,000 people, UN says. March 28, 2012, archived at: http://www.cbsnews.com/news/syria-crackdown-has-killed-5000-people-un-says/.
Cockburn, A. (2011). The Tweet and Revolution, archived at: http://www.counterpunch.org /cockburn02182011.html.
CNN (2011). From voice said to be Gadhafi, a defiant message to his foes, archived at: http://edition.cnn.com/2011/WORLD/africa/09/01/libya.war /index.html?hpt=hp_t2
Radsch (2013). Digital Dissidence and Political Change: Cyberactivism and Citizen Journalism in Egypt, archived at: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/ papers.cfm?abstract_id=2379913.
Daily Star (2011). Yemen's Saleh signs deal to quit power, archived at: http://www.dailystar.com.lb/News/Middle-East/2011/Nov-23/154953-yemens-saleh-signs-deal-to-quit-power.ashx#axzz1eXuReO4L.
Dainotti et al. (2011). Analysis of Country-wide Internet Outages Caused by Censorship. ACM, archived at: http://www.caida.org/publications/papers/ 2011/outages_censorship/outages_censorship.pdf.
Foreign Policy (2015). Why Picking Sides in Libya wonâ€™t work, archived at: http://foreignpolicy.com/2015/03/06/libya-civil-war-tobruk-un-negotiations-morocco/Fox
Diaa, H. (2015). Huffington Post: Syrian rebels and government reach truce in besieged area, archived at: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2015/01/15/syria-rebel-truce_n_6478226.html.
IRIN (2012a). AID POLICY: A â€œnew humanitarianismâ€at play in Syrian crisis, archived at:
IRIN (2012b). Civil society at heart of Syrian refugee response, archived at: http://www.irinnews.org/report/95273/jordan-civil-society-at-heart-of-syrian-refugee-response.
IRIN (2012c). Turkey opens up to international aid in camps, archived at: http://www.irinnews.org/report/96794/syria-turkey-opens-up-to-international-aid-in-camps.
Orkaby, A. (2015). Foreign Affairs: Houthi Who?, archived at: http://www.foreignaffairs. com/articles/143295/asher-orkaby/houthi-who.
Reuters (2011). Rabat: HIGHLIGHTS â€“ Libyan TV address by Saif al-Islam Gaddafi, archived at: http://in.reuters.com/article/idINIndia-55032320110221.
The Local (2013). Sweden offers residency to all Syrian refugees, archived at: http://www.thelocal.se/20130903/50030.
New York Times (2015). Rebels Seize Key Parts of Yemenâ€™s Third-Largest City, Taiz, archived at: http://www.nytimes.com/2015/03/23 /world/middleeast/houthi-rebels-taiz-yemen.html?_r=1.
Toronto Star (2015). Yemenâ€™s president flees Aden as rebels close in, archived at: http://www.thestar.com/news/world/2015/03/25/yemen-president-hadi-flees-aden-palace-as-houthi-rebels-near-officials-say.html.
VOA (2015). The Russians have made a serious mistake: how Putin's Syria gambit will backfire, archived at: http://www.vox.com/2015 /10/1/9434365/putin-syria-russia-mistake.
UNCHR (2013). 2013 UNHCR country operations profile â€“ Libya, archived at: http://www.unhcr.org/pages/49e485f36.html.
UNHCR (2015). UNHCR Syria Regional Refugee Response/Turkey, archived at: http://data.unhcr.org/syrianrefugees/country.php?id=224.
United Nations (2012). UN human rights probe panel reports continuing 'gross' violations in Syria, archived at: http://www.un.org/apps/ news/story.asp?NewsID=42079.
Zawya (2015). Oman receives 2,695 Yemen refugees in two weeks, archived at: http://www.zawya.com/story/Oman_receives_2695_Yemen_refugees_ in_two_weeks-GN_16042015_170438.
Authors who publish in this journal agree with the following points:
- The author(s) guarantee(s) that the article is original and it has not previously published and it has not been sent to other journals for consideration.
- The author(s) declare(s) that the work does not violate the copyright of third parties and assume the full personal and financial responsibility for any legal action which may be brought by third parties against the ICSR Mediterranean Knowledge
- The author(s) retain(s) the rights of the work and grant to the ICSR Mediterranean Knowledge the right to publish the work in digital edition with the licence Creative Commons Attribution Licence 4.0 (CC BY-NC-ND) or in any other form that the publisher considers opportune for the maximum dissemination. This attribution allows others to share the work, indicating the authorship and the initial publication in this journal.
- The authors can establish other arrangements with non-exclusive license to distribute the published version of the work (eg. deposit it in an institutional archive or publish it in a monograph), indicating that it was first published in the Journal of Mediterranean Knoweldge â€“ JMK.
- The author(s) can distribute the work online (eg. on their website) only after that it is published by the Journal of Mediterranean Knoweldge â€“ JMK (see The Effect of Open Access).