Ethical guidelines

The ICSR Mediterranean Knowledge – Working Paper Series, shall be a permanent platform of discussion and comparison, experimentation and dissemination, promoting the achievement of methodological action-research goals.

The Working Paper focuses on the circulation of the different forms of knowledge (tangible and intangible) in/of the Mediterranean basin. Its underpinning feature is that of taking into account the historical-cultural processes of our time, without losing sight of the specific identity of culture, understood as heritage and legacy.

The peer-reviewed working papers target a wide readership from broadly-diverse academic fields (history, sociology, philosophy, art, literature, anthropology, economics and law) and the research results aim to have an important impact on the political decisions, on the processes of training, change and development, and on the integration of theories and paradigms.

Therefore it’s fundamental that Working Paper maintains a high standard of quality and transparency on the process of review and publication. The responsibility belongs to all the actors involved including the editors, the editorial board, the referees and the authors, among others.

Editors’ Responsibilities

  • Manage Working Paper with the support of the editorial board;
  • Encourage the members of the editorial board to promote Working Paper Series as a medium for the dissemination of research results;
  • With the support of the editorial board, select the referees involved in the evaluation of each working paperss;
  • Following consultation with the editorial board, establish the guidelines for the referees, with clear and exact criteria;
  • Monitor and improve the review process;
  • Evaluate quickly and equally all working papers sent for publication, respecting the intellectual independence of the authors, without any discrimination related to sex, gender, religion, ethnicity or nationality. The Editors have the exclusive responsibility of accepting or refusing a manuscript. The contributions can be refused only for specific reasons (contents not relevant for Working Paper Series; low quality; contents already published elsewhere, etc.). Use of a non-discriminatory language will also be relevant;
  • Promote the publication of adjustments if the contents or the conclusion of a working papers are not right;
  • Refuse working papers containing data, comments, interpretations and conclusions influenced by the research commissioner;
  • Ensure that all the essays evaluated as publishable have been submitted to a double-blind peer review (including the essays written by members of Board);
  • Verify that the referees haven’t any kinship or professional ties with the authors of the working papers;
  • Enable the authors, whose contribution has been plagiarized by other scholars, to publish a note on the web site of Working Paper Series;
  • Allow or invite an author to make the necessary modifications, in case of wrong information voluntarily or involuntarily published in working papers and not detected by the Editors, the Editorial Board, or the referees;
  • Ensure that all communications will remain confidential among members of Board – editorial board, referees, authors and any other person involved;
  • Ensure that no member of the editorial board and/or other users may use data, theories or interpretations of working papers until their publication, unless the author gives the permission to do so.

 Authors’ Responsibilities

  • Send working paperss containing original material, new results, elaboration of data, ideas and/or interpretations not published or submitted for review elsewhere (including databases);
  • Identify and signal subjects, references, methodology, hypothesis, interpretations and evaluations of the research;
  • Specify who has the responsibility for the research and who is the director of the working team;
  • Communicate the main sources of funding (for example, governmental agencies, foundations, private companies, universities) for the research proposed in the manuscript;
  • If the working paper is written by several authors, draw up a list of all co-authors, with name, surname and affiliation. The intellectual property of the essay is limited to people who have played a significant role in the research, with only an acknowledgment for other contributions (layout, graphics, etc.);
  • Ensure that all the authors have read the final version of the working papers before sending it to Working Paper Series;
  • Inform the Editors about changes of property or changes in the list of the co-authors, before the publication, with a letter signed by all concerned parties;
  • Correctly cite works of other authors, mostly the publications related to the hypothesis, the ideas and/or the original data on which the manuscript is founded;
  • Avoid any kind of plagiarism. Plagiarize other authors, without informing about the intellectual property of ideas, data, interpretations and evaluations, is an ethically unfair behaviour and is punishable by law. The insertion of portions of author’s already published works (self-plagiarism), without mentioning the source, impoverishes the originality of the essay.
  • Notify the Editors of any potential conflict of interest with societies or other entities (for example, consulting firms or financial interest in a company) which could benefit by the publication of the results contained in the manuscript;
  • Guarantee the absence of contractual or property rights, which could influence the publication of data and information contained in the working papers;
  • Require, with valid reasons, that the manuscript won’t be submitted to referees not considered neutral towards the author, the co-authors, the research and/or the commissioner;
  • Observe the authors’ guidelines of Working Paper Series, using a language and a style which simultaneously guarantee the reliability and the quality of the scientific work and its usability by a non-specialist public;
  • Use a non-discriminatory language.

Responsibilities of the referees

Review of Working papers sent to Working Paper Series is an essential part of the scientific research. The whole scientific community is called to join in the process. The ICSR Mediterranean Knowledge – Working Paper Series uses the the double-blind method: each working papers is sent to two referees. The reviews will remain anonymous and the author has to take the feedback into account for the final version of the working paper, if accepted. In case of two mutually-contradictory reviews, the essay is sent to a third referee: the main evaluation (acceptance or refusal) will be determined by the majority. The referees’ responsibilities are the following:

  • Evaluate objectively the quality of the working paper and respect the intellectual independence of the authors; criticism on a personal level isn’t accepted;
  • Refuse to review working paper dealing with subjects outside of his/her own specific expertise;
  • Inform the Editors about any conflict of interest, due to direct competition or cooperation with one of the authors, and to refuse to review a monograph if an objective evaluation is not possible;
  • Ask the Editors to discuss the text with other scholars for a specific consultation, providing names and reasons of the consultation;
  • Abstain from submitting the manuscript to other scholars without the permission of the Editors;
  • Explain and support the reasons of the reviews, in order to enable editors and authors to understand them;
  • Inform about methodological errors or wrong data included in the monograph;
  • Highlight the existence of relevant scientific works, not mentioned by the authors without appropriate reasons;
  • Highlight the lack of explicit references to authors and works used in the manuscript and not mentioned without valid reasons;
  • Draw the attention of the Editors to any similarity between the manuscript and other articles or manuscripts simultaneously sent to other Working Papers Series;
  • Treat the working paper as a confidential document and abstain from discussing it with others, except for particular and motivated cases. In the latter case, the name of the consulted people should be communicated to the Editors;
  • Abstain from using non-published information, subjects or interpretations, contained in a working paper, unless there is explicit consent from the author.