Challegens of Migration in Context of Cosmopolitan Citizenship
This article analyzes the different challenges of citizenship and rights in front of the new forms of flow migrations, especially in the Mediterranean and the case of Venezuelan migrants. TheÂ new conception of globalization and Soveranity redefines the relations between the State and individuals, whether national or foreign, and must be the basis for rethinking the new issues of citizenship, of migrants and of dialogue between cultures, which must be addressed from the so-called "ethics" of hospitality "and based on the principles of interculturality, the good universality of human rights and substantive and cosmopolitan citizenship. In the expansion of the universal quantifier of human rights, at the time of the nomination of constitutional states of law, there are limitations on the universalist conception, whose archetypal point is based on the thesis of ontological monism. By virtue of this the correspondence between rights, guarantees and benefits were anchored in the course of the forms of government and State in the idea of homogeneity that appeared with the apogee of the nation - states, giving rise to the figure of the monism of the state. Venezuelan forced migration in the Latin America area points out the crisis of the theory of National state and forced to a new concept of citizenship.Starting from this case study, several other aspects of migrations and, more in general, of emerging human rights are addressed in this issue of the Journal of Mediterranean Knowledge.
Keywords: Cosmopolitan citizenship, Modern migrations, Emerging human rights, Venezuelan refugees
Dal Lago, A. (1999). Non-Persone. Lâ€™esclusione dei migranti in una soÂ¬cietÃ globale. Milan: Feltrinelli.
Ferrajoli, L. (2004). Derechos y garantÃas La ley del mÃ¡s dÃ©bil.Madrid: Trotta.
Galeotti, A.E. (1994). La Tolleranza. Una proposta pluralista. Naples: Liguori.
Galeotti, A.E. (2000). I diritti collettivi.In E. Vitale (ed.), Diritti umani e diritti delle minoranze. Problemieticipoliticigiuridici. Turin: Rosenberg &Sellier.
Hylland, T. (2014). Global citizenchip and the challenge from cultural relativism. In A. Sterri, Global citizen. Challenges and responsability in an interconnected world (pp. 53-60). Rotterdam: Sense publishers.
IACHR (2017a). IACHR express its concern for the situation of migrants from Venezuela and calls regionâ€™s states to adopt measures for their protection. Press release. www.oas.org/es/cidh/ prensa/comunicados//2017/006.asp, retrieved 16 November 2018.
IACHR (2017b). IACHR salutes the measures to offer protection Venezuelan migrants in Peru and calls regional states to implement measures for their protection. Press release. www.oas.org /es/cidh/prensa/comunicados//2017/043.asp, retrieved 16 November 2018.
Innerarity, D. (2001) Etica de la hospitalidad. Barcelona: Peninsula
Kymlicka, W. (1996). Multicultural Citizenship: A Liberal Theory of Minority Rights. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
National Migration Superintendence (2017). The government expanded the temporary permanence permit PTP for Venezuelan citizens. www.migraciones.gob.pe.index.php/ gobierno-amplio-el-permiso-temporal-de-permanencia-ptp-para-los-ciudadanos-venezolanos/, retrieved 12 November 2018.
Onorato, P. (1989). Per uno statuto dello straniero. Democrazia e diÂ¬ritto, 6, 303-328.
Quadros, J. (2012). O estado plurinacional e o direito internacional moderno.Curitiba: JurÃºa.
Waldron, J. (2003). Cultural identity and civic responsability. In W.N. Kymlicka, Citizenship in diverse societies (pp. 155 - 174). New York: Oxford University Press.
Authors who publish in this journal agree with the following points:
- The author(s) guarantee(s) that the article is original and that it has not previously published nor sent to other journals for consideration.
- The author(s) declare(s) that the article does not violate the copyright of third parties and assume(s) the full personal and financial responsibility for any legal action which may be brought by third parties against the ICSR Mediterranean Knowledge
- The author(s) retain(s) the rights of the article. The ICSR Mediterranean Knowledge is allowed to publish it in digital edition with licence Creative Commons Attribution Licence 4.0 (CC BY-NC-ND) or in any other form that the publisher considers opportune. The licence allows others to share the article, provided that the authorship and the initial publication in this journal are reported.
- The author(s) can establish arrangements with non-exclusive license to distribute the published version of the article (eg. deposit it in an institutional archive or publish it in a monograph), indicating that it was first published in the Journal of Mediterranean Knoweldge.
- The author(s) can distribute the work online (eg. on their website) only after that it is published by the Journal of Mediterranean Knoweldge (see The Effect of Open Access).